The ketogenic diet was developed at the beginning of the last century. It is used to treat people with epileptic seizures. Modern medicine focuses on the keto diet for a completely different reason.
Recent research has shown that it is very effective in controlling blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes. However, there are no data on the results of studies longer than 3 years, so the longer use of the keto diet is questionable.
The diet includes a minimum intake of carbohydrates, which provide the body with short-term energy. As soon as a person feels deficient, they will look for an alternative - ketones.
Instead of glycolysis, which helps break down carbohydrates, the mechanism of lipolysis - the breakdown of fats - is activated. So, in order to survive without carbohydrates, the body will enter a state of ketosis.
Don't confuse ketosis and ketoacidosis - these are two different terms. The latter represents a violation of the acid-base balance, leading to severe complications and even death.
The basis of the keto plan is the high fat content in the diet - 65-80% feces per day, proteins 15-20%, and carbohydrates reduced to 5-15%. It turns out that carbohydrates can be ingested a maximum of 20-50 grams per day, while outside of the keto diet a person ingests about 250 grams per day.
Because the keto diet is the best way to control blood sugar, many experts support a ketogenic approach to treating type 2 diabetes.
A year-round survey found the following:
List of foods included in the diet:
This is a short list of what can be consumed, contact a specialist for more details.
Prohibited products include:
It is undesirable to exceed the allowed norm of protein, its excess is converted into glucose, which disrupts the process of transition to a state of ketosis.
A ketogenic diet inevitably leads to a decrease in blood glucose levels. This is very good for diabetics.
However, a sudden drop in glucose can lead to serious consequences, so the elimination of carbohydrates should be step by step.
To prevent the development of hypoglycaemia, sugar should be measured systematically. It usually ranges from 4, 7 to 4, 9 on an empty stomach. Diabetics tend to have higher rates. On the keto diet, sugar fluctuates around 6 mmol / L.
The effects of the keto diet on blood sugar have been studied many times and the results have always been positive. Patients lost extra pounds and were able to better control their glucose levels.
In 2017, a study was conducted in New York on the effects of a keto diet on diabetes. For 32 weeks, patients adhered to this type of diet, and as it was canceled by specialists, they successfully lost weight and their sugar was more stable.
I must also say that scientists recognize the benefits of a vegan diet, it can perfectly replace keto, but it has its nuances.
There are keto diet analogues, they have similar principles. Examples are the diets of Dukan, Robert Atkins and the Kremlin. It is the Atkins diet that is most often confused with the ketogenic principle of nutrition. But at the same time, there is virtually no similarity between keto and Atkins ’diet.
Atkins developed his nutritional principle for weight loss, not for diabetics to control blood sugar. In the keto diet, unsaturated fats reduce the amount of protein and carbohydrates. By observing the Atkins diet, protein can be consumed without restriction. In addition, the Atkins diet differs from keto in the frequency of food intake. Atkins recommends five meals a day, keto assumes 2-3 meals a day.
When the body does not receive energy from carbohydrates, but from fats, there is a sudden release of ketone bodies. The main potential danger of a ketone diet for diabetics is the possibility of developing diabetic ketoacidosis, which occurs due to a lack of insulin in the blood.
Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis:
Therefore, even on a ketogenic diet, it is necessary to constantly monitor blood sugar levels and periodically check the concentration of ketone bodies.
Hunger is absolutely contraindicated for diabetics, so they can follow any type of diet only with a doctor's permission.
The ketogenic diet has great potential for lowering blood glucose levels. Lack of carbohydrates in the diet prevents its accumulation and changes in blood sugar levels. The doctor should calculate the required amount of carbohydrates, each case is individual. If a patient has high blood glucose levels, he must limit his carbohydrate food intake. In this case, the amount of fat in the diet increases.
The keto diet is a great help for diabetics, especially those who have difficulty regulating sugar levels. Of course, the treatment of pathology with this diet is unpromising, by observing it, you can reduce the number of drugs, but it is unlikely that you will be able to refuse insulin injections.